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Tuesday, April 23, 2013

The Mother in the Bhagavat Gita

The Mother in the Bhagavat Gita 

The Gita does not speak expressly of the Divine Mother; it speaks always of surrender to the Purushottama—it mentions her only as the Para Prakriti who becomes the Jiva, i.e., who manifests the Divine in the multiplicity and through whom all these worlds are created by the Supreme and he himself descends as the Avatar.

The Gita follows the Vedantic tradition which leans entirely on the Ishwara aspect of the Divine and speakslittle of the Divine Mother because its object is to draw back from world-nature and arrive at the supreme realisation beyond it; the Tantrik tradition leans on the Shakti or Ishwari aspect and makes all depend on the Divine Mother, because its object is to possess and dominate the world-nature and arrive at the supreme realisation through it. This Yoga insists on both the aspects; the surrender to the Divine Mother is essential, for without it there is no fulfilment of the object of the Yoga.

In regard to the Purushottama the Divine Mother is the
supreme divine Consciousness and Power above the worlds,
Adya Shakti; she carries the Supreme in herself and manifests
the Divine in the worlds through the Akshara and the Kshara.
In regard to the Akshara she is the same Para Shakti holding the
Purusha immobile in herself and also herself immobile in him at
the back of all creation. In regard to the Kshara she is the mobile
cosmic Energy manifesting all beings and forces.

- From "Letters on Mother" - Answers by Sri Aurobindo (18 August 1932)

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